The Libyan Entanglement: From the 2014 Civil Unrest to the Ongoing Civil War

Abbou Ridha (2021) The Libyan Entanglement: From the 2014 Civil Unrest to the Ongoing Civil War. Faculty of International Management and Business.

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Since the 2011 NATO-backed uprising in Libya, which had put an end to the rule of Muammar al-Gaddafi that span over four decades, the North African country plunged into ceaseless turmoil.  Libya has been in the midst of a vicious civil war for approximately a decade now. While the whole world has been preoccupied with the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic, the situation is Libya has escalated in an alarming fashion, to develop into a full-on regional proxy war. With several armed militia groups stepping into to the conflict from other countries such as Syria, Sudan, Chad, and Russia, it could become an intercontinental proxy war in the MENA region, an area considered to be Europe’s Southern flank. It ultimately poses an imminent threat to the security of the European Union and its geostrategic interests.  The proxy war in Libya is a conflict between two camps vying for power in the country. The first camp is led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, who rose to power through a 2015 political deal sponsored by the United Nations and intends to hand down executive power to the next authority this October. He is the head of the UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA). It is based in the capital Tripoli, and backed mainly by Turkey, and to a certain extent Qatar, and Italy. The second camp is Libyan National Army (LNA), which is led by Field-Marshall Khalifa Haftar, and based in Tobruk. It is backed by Russia, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia.  The Libyan conflict features several domestic, regional, and international actors entangled in what is today the most important proxy war in the MENA region. The international community remains unsuccessful so far to reach to viable political solution to the war in Libya. It is true that the tensions that are tearing up the Libyan society are mainly domestic. However, foreign interference has played a significant role in protracting the conflict.


Budapest Business University


Faculty of International Management and Business


Nemzetközi Kapcsolatok Tanszék




Nemzetközi Tanulmányok


Konzulens neve
Konzulens típusa
Assignment, Scientific qualification, Institution
Gusztáv Kecskés D.
Dr. Nyusztay László
óraadó tanár; Nemzetközi Kapcsolatok Tanszék; KKK

Item Type: Thesis (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Civil Unrest, Geopolitics, Libya, NATO, Proxy Warfare, Security Studies
SWORD Depositor: Archive User
Depositing User: Archive User
Date Deposited: 2022. Mar. 08. 09:06
Last Modified: 2022. Oct. 06. 12:43

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