Tunisian revolution

Alouche Donia (2017) Tunisian revolution. Faculty of International Management and Business.

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Abstract The revolution of dignity and freedom "will remain a major historical event for Tunisia with a popular uprising that happened on January 14, 2011, removed the former president's regime. The root causes of the December 2010 uprising are mainly related to the economic situation, the deterioration of Tunisian living conditions and the shift towards the dictatorship of the Ben Ali regime In the aftermath of the revolution, it was sure that the success of an economic policy would depend on the capacity of the new regime in place. In order to manage properly the issues of democratic transition as good governance in this period could generate a sense of positive confidence that will be decisive for the success of the democratic transition, whereas bad governance would necessarily lead to a shock of distrust that it will be very penalizing for the economy as a whole. Unfortunately, the increase in political uncertainty combined with the deterioration of the security situation has pushed the Tunisian economy to decrease more and more in the second alternative. After the revolution, several key sectors influenced by the change, such as mines, hydrocarbons, tourism and transport. In 2011, Tunisia experienced its first recession for 25 years. On 14 January 2011, the Tunisians, united and full of optimism, aspired to a life and a prosperous, solidary and democratic Tunisia. After some years, the same Tunisians divided, wondered and worried: Their hopes are disappointed. They see no achievements, no reforms, and no answers to their expectations. Their living conditions have become more difficult. Unemployment rates reaches higher levels, especially among regions, the entire population feels inflation. Macroeconomic imbalances, which were expected to widen, not to mention the political fog, had led to the degradation of Tunisia by the main rating agencies and the use of the International Monetary Fund. The investments are down; it is the reign of uncertainty and fear of the future. In a first approximation, this thesis attempts to understand how a social movement was able to develop in spite of the control of police and partisan to lead to a profound political change in Tunisia itself, which move to Egypt and Libya and other countries in the region; Simultaneously it highlights the real stakes that Tunisians are now facing. For it is not in itself the departure of Ben Ali that radically modifies the modes of government and the exercise of power in Tunisia. It is too early to speak about democratic transition, even if everything remains open. The true transformation, which is undoubtedly fundamental, connected to the disappearance of fear. In the public space and not only in the secrecy of their intimacy, people speak, defy the police, and express their joys, their fears, their expectations and their demands. However, for the remains, what has made the "Ben Ali regime" remains long period. Two chapters divided this work: in the first chapter, we are interested in the internal and external causes that have urged the Tunisians to revolt against the Ben Ali regime led us to ask about the main reason of this global change how to explain the similar origin of the endogenous and exogenous parameters of this revolt. Using new information and communication technologies, the involvement of politicians and the intervention of the specialists, together with the desire to export democracy, have combined. In the second part of this thesis, we will analyze the repercussions of the Revolution on the economic and political plan. The government's commitment is engaged to implement these reforms could reassure foreign investors and Tunisians of the opportunities ahead. In the context of a transition marked by uncertainty, citizens expect the government to communicate clearly, transparently and credibly with economic policies, polititcal strategies, actions and the use of public resources. Clear and credible communication supported by action will help transform expectations into hope, optimism and appease social tensions.


Budapest Business School


Faculty of International Management and Business


Világgazdaság és Nemzetközi Kereskedelem Intézeti Tanszék




Külgazdasági vállalkozás (angol nyelvű)

Item Type: Thesis (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arab Tavasz, Gazdaság, Migráció, Tunézia
Depositing User: Hegedűsné Orbán Éva
Date Deposited: 2017. May. 04. 14:47
Last Modified: 2017. Oct. 26. 14:02

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